About the Illness
A fever needs to be managed, and the illness causing it also identified and treated. A very high fever can be dangerous if temperature is not brought back down to normal as quickly as possible.
It can cause fits (convulsions) or even permanent brain damage (paralysis, mental slowness, epilepsy etc).
High body temperature
mild fever = 37.5º C – 39º C
high fever = over 40º C
feeling cold at times (shivering); sweating; weakness; pain in the joints.
High fever is most dangerous for small children. Try to reduce it immediately. If you can’t bring the fever down then seek professional help. Small children should be undressed completely and left naked until fever subsides. Never wrap a child in clothing or blankets.
Reassure and comfort children who are ill because they will feel anxious and frightened.
Possible Causes & Symptoms of Fever
Cause : Malaria
- Starts with weakness, chills and fever.
- Fever may come and go for a few days, with shivering (chills) as temperature rises and sweating as temperature falls.
- Then fever may come every second or third day.
- On other days the patient may even feel better.
- Begins like a cold.
- Temperature rises a little more each day.
- Pulse relatively slow.
- Sometimes diarrhoea and dehydration.
- Trembling or delirium (mind wanders).
- Very ill.
Cause : Pneumonia
- Fast, shallow breathing.
- Temperature rises quickly.
- Cough with green, yellow or bloody mucus.
- May have chest pain.
- Very ill.
If you are able to sit up, try one of the following steam inhalations to help reduce the fever:
Eucalyptus globulus Inhalation good for all
Place a handful of eucalyptus leaves in a pot of boiling water and leave in the room so vapours can be inhaled.
Neem Inhalation good for all
Place neem leaves in a pan of water, cover and bring to the boil.
Inhale vapours before sleeping.
Safe to use on children under 5.
Sweet Basil Inhalation good for all
Boil the whole plant in a covered pan.
Use as a steam inhalation.
Also good for common cold.
If you are too weak to sit up, ask someone to give you an orange or lemon peel body rub to help reduce the fever.
Pound the lemon or orange peel with small amount of water and rub it on the back
If you followed this advice and temperature still remains high, try one of the following remedies to help fight infection and so reduce the fever:
1 Eucalyptus citriodora Tea good for all
Boil a handful of leaves in 1 ltr water for 15-20 minutes.
Drink 1/2 glass 2x daily for 4 days.
(6-10 yrs: 4 tbsp 2x daily; 2-6 yrs: 2 tbsp 2x daily; up to 2 yrs: 1 tbsp 2x daily.)
2 Ginger, Cinnamon & Camomile Infusion careful use for kids only
Take 1/4 tsp ginger, 1 tsp cinnamon and 1 tsp camomile, stir into glass of hot water and steep for 5-10 minutes.
Drink 1 glass 2x daily.
(10-16 yrs – 1 glass 2x daily; 6-10 yrs: 1/4 glass 2x daily; up to 6 yrs: don’t use.)
3 Garlic, Ginger & Lemon Tea careful use for kids only
Cut a whole lemon into pieces (including skin).
Pound ginger and garlic and place in pan of water.
Cover and boil.
Drink 1 glass 2x daily for as long as required.
(10-16 yrs – 1/2 glass 2x daily).
4 Toddalia asiatica Root Extract good for all
Pound 1 root, then soak in 1 glass cold water for 5-10 minutes.
Drink 1/4 glass (6-10 yrs: 2 tbsp; 2-6 yrs: 1 tbsp; up to 2 yrs: 1/2 tsp).
5 Neem Infusion good for all
Add handful of leaves to 1 ltr water and boil for 5-10 minutes.
Drink 1/4 glass 2x daily (10-16 yrs: 1/2 glass daily; 6-10 yrs 1/4 glass daily; 2-6 yrs: 3 tbsp daily; up to 2 yrs: 1 tsp diluted and sweetened with honey daily.)
6 Mexican Sunflower Tea good for all
Add a handful of leaves to 1 ltr water and boil for 5-10 minutes.
Drink 1/2 glass 2x daily.
(10-16 yrs: 1/2 glass 2x daily; 6-10 yrs: 1/4 glass 2x daily; 2-6 yrs: 1 tbsp 2x daily; up to 2 yrs: 1 tsp 2x daily).
Food and Nutrition Advice
- If you have a fever, you will usually require more food than normal once it has stopped. This will help replace all the nutrients used up during illness and also provide energy to support the recovery process.
- Divide food into more, smaller meals in a day.
- Eat soups, drink vegetable and fruit juice.
- Once you feel well enough, you should eat a nutritious recovery diet.
Body Work and General Advice
If you have a temperature, then follow these steps:
- Remove unnecessary clothes and blankets.
- Rest in a cool, airy location, but not in a cold breeze.
- Tepid sponging – dip a cloth in lukewarm (body temperature) water, squeeze out excess water and wipe your body, particularly on the forehead, back of the neck and underarms.
- Keep your skin clean and dry.
- Drink plenty of liquids and be aware of signs of dehydration.